An Interview with Walter Lange
The original iteration of Lange founded by Ferdinand Adolf Lange ceased to exist in post-World War Two Germany, when the Soviet post-war administration expropriated the manufacture’s property. The A. Lange & Söhne that we know today was actually re-founded in 1990 by Walter Lange, Ferdinand Lange’s great grandson, following the collapse of the Berlin Wall. […]
The original iteration of Lange founded by Ferdinand Adolf Lange ceased to exist in post-World War Two Germany, when the Soviet post-war administration expropriated the manufacture’s property. The A. Lange & Söhne that we know today was actually re-founded in 1990 by Walter Lange, Ferdinand Lange’s great grandson, following the collapse of the Berlin Wall. It was no mean feat – the younger Lange was already 66 years old and a retiree by then. On the occasion of his 90th birthday, Walter Lange was interviewed on several topics, including his life experiences, habits, and other interests. We have reproduced part of the interview here.
On 29 July 2014, you will be celebrating your 90th birthday. A good reason to take review. What, would you say spontaneously, was the best time of your life?
I’ll be honest: it was my childhood, even if that does sound rather mundane. I was carefree then; I didn’t have the worries of adulthood; there were little adventures to be had every day and I grew up in a very caring family. When I look back at my life, those are the best memories.
You were born into a family of watchmakers. When was your first encounter with timepieces?
Today, children play with remote-controlled cars or computers. When I was young, I had a watch kit. I can’t remember how old I was, but I assembled a watch with the pieces. As a child, I spent a lot of time in the manufactory; that had a big impact from the very beginning.
And then, you trained as a watchmaker yourself?
Yes, when I was 16, I followed the family tradition. At that time, only master courses were available in Glashütte, so I went to Karlstein in Austria. After one and a half years, I had to interrupt the apprenticeship because I was drafted into the army. After the war, I continued my apprenticeship with Alfred Helwig at the School of Watchmaking in Glashütte.
What was the worst time of your life?
It was a few hours during World War II after I had been wounded by a shot in the leg; I spent them lying completely still on the battlefield. I didn’t dare crawl out of the danger zone before nightfall. The war and all of the recollections associated with it haunt me to this day.
On the last day of the war, you witnessed the bombardment of the manufactory.
Yes, it was a terrible event. I had returned home via the Baltic Sea and ended up in a field hospital near Glashütte where my leg injury was treated. It was a fortunate circumstance, a stroke of luck if you will. My father secured a leave of absence for me, issued for the period from 7 to 15 May 1945. I was incredibly happy to finally be with my family again. But on 8 May, in the morning, the bomb alarm went off and our main production building was destroyed in a bombing raid.
The watchmaking companies in Glashütte were expropriated after the war. How did you experience that period?
At that time, my father Rudolf and his two brothers Otto and Gerhard ran the manufactory. Of course, we tried to keep working and rebuild the production facility. I had extensive discussions with my father and uncle Otto regarding the future of the company. We began to develop the calibre 28 for a wristwatch, but before it went into series production, the company was expropriated – in April 1948. My father and his brothers were no longer allowed to set foot in the manufactory. I was asked to join the union, but refused. Subsequently, I avoided forced labour in a uranium mine by fleeing from my hometown one night in November 1948.
After its expropriation in 1948, the company became a publicly-owned operation and was merged with other watchmaking businesses in Glashütte in 1951. The A. Lange & Söhne brand was no longer used. You went to Pforzheim. How did you experience the situation from afar?
With great concern. I was worried mainly about my father, who was devastated by the expropriation. He came to live with us in Pforz¬heim, but he could not cope with the loss of the manufactory and his home. He passed away less than a year later. We all assumed that the family business had been lost forever, and we were heartbroken.
You had the courage to restart the business in Glashütte on 7 December 1990. Was that difficult?
It was a risk, but the only way for me to go. When the Berlin Wall fell, I had already retired. But I simply couldn’t pass up the opportunity to revive the heritage of my ancestors. The 7th of December 1990 was among the greatest days of my life. I reregistered the brand using the borrowed address of a former classmate at our primary school in Glashütte. We had to start completely from scratch.
What happened next?
During the first weeks and months we had to overcome many obstacles. There’s one story that I still vividly remember. In 1990/1991, we negotiated the return of the confiscated Lange family domain with the Treuhand trust agency. On Wednesday before Easter, I met with Treu¬hand Chairman Detlev Karsten Rohwedder and after our conversation finally had the feeling that I was talking to the right person. Five days later, on Easter Monday in the evening, Roh¬wed¬der was shot in his home. I was stunned. The continued negotiations with Treu¬hand concerning the return of the property were unsuccessful. It wasn’t until the year 2000 that we were able to repurchase the building from the city of Glashütte.
Who was your most important confidant?
My partner Günter Blümlein. Without him, the revival would certainly have been impossible. Blümlein was a man of deeds and a visionary. His thinking was long-term. He was an excellent strategist and had a knack for watch design and effective marketing.
How close were you?
Günter Blümlein and I spent a lot of time together after the reunification of Germany. We often sat together over a glass of red wine at the Ladenmühle, a small hotel near Glashütte. He always wanted me to tell him about the old days, about my ancestors’ pocket watch manufactory. Those were wonderful evenings that I fondly remember. Later, we regretted the fact that we didn’t tape our conversations with a dictating machine. The days prior to the presentation of our first collection in October 1994 were particularly exciting. At that time, Blümlein and I shared an office. We sat in front of our typewriters and together, we discussed the content of our speeches for the first press conference. It is tragic that Blümlein passed away at such a young age.
Can you summarise your vision for the renaissance?
From the outset, we wanted to develop watches that were sleek and classic in appearance but very modern at the same time.
When you started out with a staff of 15, did you ever think that A. Lange & Söhne might again become a company of global stature?
That, of course, is what we were hoping. After all, my forefathers were internationally successful with their pocket watches. Owners of historic Lange timepieces from all over the world still contact us today. Initially, we wanted to sell our new watches in Germany and elsewhere in Europe. But enquiries soon reached us from overseas. I am delighted that we succeeded in repositioning A. Lange & Söhne on the international stage.
What was the highlight of your career?
That’s difficult to pinpoint. The successful press conference on 24 October 1994, when we presented our first collection, was one of them. There was another moment like that in 2013, too, when we first exhibited our GRAND COMPLICATION – a limited edition of six pieces – in Geneva. At that point, I again had the feeling that Lange was doing everything right. I felt proud of the tradition, the company and its staff.
And what delights you most?
The results that have been attained from such modest beginnings. Lange didn’t remain the only company in Glashütte. In the meantime, Glashütte has become the centre of the German watch industry again. Over 1300 people have found jobs here and transformed the region into a “flourishing landscape”. Of course, I’m pleased with the role that A. Lange & Söhne has played in this process. As was the case during my great-grandfather’s era, Lange is the region’s driving force. I believe most people see it like that.
A saying goes: No success without failure. What was your most bitter one?
For me, the 1948 expropriation ranks among my bitterest experiences. But it was even worse to have to witness the gradual downfall of the nationalised manufactory.
The first apprentice still works at Lange today. Are you on first-name terms?
In 1997, we began to train two watchmakers. One of them is still with the company. Today, he belongs to the product development team and contributes to the design of new calibres. He is a rather reserved young man. I believe that to him, I’m simply “Herr Lange”, as for everyone else.
What are the characteristics of a typical Lange watch?
Günter Blümlein once said that a Lange watch is a fusion of the arts, consisting of a proud legacy, the passion of our staff for fine timepieces, the style of the company, a responsibility for its traditions, and finally the unique technology and artisanship to which we are committed. I can only agree.
What’s your vision for the future of the company?
I am no longer involved in the daily business. But I still attend important events. As long as our watchmakers strive to craft the world’s best watches, the brand will be heading in the right direction. We cannot lower our in-house standards: quality is what makes Lange. It must stay that way.
Do you remember your first watch?
Yes, it was a Cyma wristwatch. It wasn’t until my confirmation that I received a Lange watch. It was an OLIW. The abbreviation stands for “Original Lange Internationales Werk”. Launched in the 1920s, it was the more affordable line of A. Lange & Söhne.
How many watches do you own personally and which one is your favourite?
It’s a manageable number. Being a watchmaker, I have a weakness for technical complications. That’s why I like to wear the TOURBILLON “Pour le Mérite” from the first collection, also because this watch is a reminder of the revival of the A. Lange & Söhne brand.
Which other watch brands do you admire?
I love the pendulum clocks made by Erwin Sattler in Munich. I once had a set of parts for such a clock and assembled it myself. That was a real joy. The clock is still on the wall in my house.